Gum disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the gums and bones around the teeth and is the most common reason for tooth loss. It is estimated to impact more than half of adults in the UK. Gums can become red, swollen and bleed due to the presence of the bacteria in dental plaque. Many people have gum disease which has never been diagnosed or treated. What’s more, gum disease is linked to diabetes, heart disease and can affect mother and baby during pregnancy.
The symptoms of gum (periodontal) disease include:
Whilst plaque is the main cause of gum disease, some people are more susceptible than others.
The most important thing to do is to attend regular check-ups with your dentist. At every dental checkup, the health of a patient’s gums are thoroughly checked and if needed radiographs are taken to assess the bone levels holding the teeth in place. We recommend all our patients to see our hygienist to help maintain meticulous plaque control in their at home cleaning routine, remove hard plaque and staining that may have formed on the teeth and prevent developing gum disease. Where there is well-established gum disease we refer our patients to see our periodontist for more extensive treatment.
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